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Social Sciences

We have collected thousands of samplesd and behind every sample there is a life and a story. We are keen to attract more social scientists, especially those working in the countires covered by PANGEA, to help us bring out the stories and inform the behavioural aspects of our mathematical models. Limited funding for small-scale projects is available via PANGEA and we will also help you to apply for external funding. For more information please contact project manager Lucie Abeler-Dörner (


Sexual network 1 (SN1)

1397HR lives and works as a cooked food seller in the area in which many of the female sex workers work. She says she can count the number of partners she has had on the fingers of her hands. She found out she was infected with HIV in 2008. In 2007 she had started a 3-year relationship with a man who was ‘‘always hungry for sex.’’ She knows he visited female sex workers. 0800HR began work as an female sex workers in 2007 when a relative who had helped since her parents died stopped sending money. She needed money to support her siblings. She works in the area in which 1397HR lives and works. 0800HR has many different casual partners.

Sexual network 3 (SN 3)

2080HR began work as an female sex worker at a truck stop outside Kampala in 2001. She has worked as a female sex worker in Kampala since 2002 and she tested positive for HIV in 2005. She currently runs a bar and provides sex work only on an occasional basis because she is not well. The other woman in this dyad, 0970HR, began sex work in 2004 in Kampala. She has a routine of rotating between bars on different nights of the week, including those in the area where 2080HR has worked. She tested positive for HIV in 2007 when she joined the Good Health for Women project.

1019HR started sex work in 2003 when she came to Kampala after her marriage dissolved. She has worked only in Kampala and always in the same area in southern Kampala. She tested positive for HIV when she joined Good Health for Women project in 2007. 1894HR lost her long-term partner to HIV in 2000 in Kampala. She began work in a bar in a border town after his death, and provided sex to some men to get extra food. She then worked at fish landing sites as a bar girl in Uganda and Tanzania before moving back to Kampala in 2004. She works as an female sex worker in the same bars as 1019HR.

Sexual network 4 (SN4)

1846HR was introduced to sex work in 2005 by a friend. She used to sell cooked food in Kampala and sex work supplemented her income. She tested positive for HIV in 2008. She has had many different partners whom she meets in lodges and bars. 1845HR lost her husband to AIDS in 2003. She be-came a female sex worker soon after because she needed money. In 2005 she got a regular partner and had a child in 2006. When she was pregnant, she learned she was infected with HIV. She continued as an female sex worker after the birth, working in the same lodges as 1846HR.


Deogratius Ssemwanga, Nicaise Ndembi, Fred Lyagoba, Justine Bukenya, Janet Seeley, Judith Vandepitte,Heiner Grosskurth,and Pontiano Kaleebu : HIV Type 1 Subtype Distribution, Multiple Infections, Sexual Networks, and Partnership Histories in Female Sex Workers in Kampala, Uganda 2012, AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES 28, 357-65


Jamirah Nazziwa,Harr Freeya Njai,Nicaise Ndembi, Josephine Birungi, Fred Lyagoba, Asiki Gershim, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Leslie Nielsen, Juliet Mpendo, Annet Nanvubya, Jan Debont, Heiner Grosskurth, Anatoli Kamali, Janet Seeley, Pontiano Kaleebu, and the CHIVTUM Study Team 2013: HIV Type 1 Transmitted Drug Resistance and Evidence of Transmission Clusters Among Recently Infected Antiretroviral-Naive Individuals from Ugandan Fishing Communities of Lake Victoria, AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES 29, 788-95